Looking at the image below, this shows how drawn voting districts should be replace by optimally compacted districts. The reason being that it makes the voting a more accurate representation of the trends. The state legistator and majority party of the house are the ones who decide the voting districts and essentially “cut an arbitrary line” through the state. The division of the states, allows for the “losing side” to still have enough districts to potentially win.
Sealed bids are used frequently when it comes to selling real estate. Brokers have been turning to the sealed bid auctions as the economy has decreased. It is a way for the brokers to get people more interested in buying houses rather than the conventional way. The seal bid creates a buzz on a property and in return more people become interested in buying it.
Auctions like this were popular in the boom years and in recent years have become a way for people to sell their property quickly. “In contrast to today’s sealed-bid auctions, those of the boom years typically were used to help organize a pre-existing bidding war and often didn’t have a minimum bid or a contract.” When doing a sealed bid auction today the rules are much different.
Sealed bid auctions require potential buyers to submit their bids by a certain time. They must submit them in writing to the seller. Then seller will choose which bid they prefer the most. In some cases all the bidders had to pay a 10% deposit, all the bidders who did not win got that deposit back.
This kind of process when selling and buying a house is pretty interesting. In some cases it could go badly for the buyer. If they were moving for work ect. and trying to get rid of their property quickly, and decided to use this sealed bid auction approach, they could potentially not get as much for their property as they had hoped. On the other hand if the property is in a place like New York City and there are a few potential buyers, a sealed bid auction might be good because then the buyers might bid more for a need for that property. “Sellers who want to wring every last cent of their home’s value from the purchase may prefer the traditional sale process, which allows them to play bidders off each other to increase the price.” In other cases the sealed bid auction might be the best choice for them.
This article is about how states are not waiting for the supreme court to fix gerrymandering. Ohio is one of the most gerrymander state and have come up with a way that the minority has more say in the district lines. Some states have even used citizens’ initiative petitions to stop gerrymandering.
This image the gerrymandering lines in Ohio. These districts are obviously very altered from what they were supped to be.
In this article by The Washington Post it explains how gerrymandering can be optimized in the US. It includes an interesting topic of how to fix the biased assortment in the district assortments. Instead of allowing people to draw the lines we can instead program a computer to draw the lines out for us. The computer program is able to compact the population much more orderly than any other decision made by man. It is so accurate that it is able to reflect actual neighborhoods and homes in that neighborhood to be perfectly divided. The most interesting part is that this article also includes pictures to compare how we divide the US in our current congressional district map to the computer drawn map. It is easily seen that the computer drawn map seems much more optimal both in order and compactness. So what do you guys think, would this computer drawn map be a better option than the current mess that is the US’s district map?
This is a comment for Ashley’s post. I think some comment sections aren’t working. Ashley wrote The Instant Runoff Voting post. She asked, “What do you guys think about ranked-choice voting? Do you think it’s better than the current system used in the United States?”
My response to that is, The US uses a form of the Runoff method to see who wins the votes. The rank-choice voting, which I believe is based on who you would pick 1st, 2nd, and so on, is based of popularity and who is favored more. And just like any method of voting there can always be different results depending on the candidate(s) chosen. I think that ranked-choice voting would be a good way to see who is popular in a particular setting, maybe to see who should still be in the race. But, I don’t think that ranked-choice is better than what the US used, rather another form of voting to get an idea of who should be a candidate and who would most likely win. Like I mentioned before, each method would come with a different outcome.
Going back into the history of voting, the first voting method to be on record is the majority method, and it was most notably used in the Greek city-state of Athens, where men above the age of 18 went to a specific place called Pnyx hill and used pebbles and recording tablets to make their democratic decisions. I think this article is not only interesting because of it’s historical roots to voting and showing of just how old the idea of taking votes really is, but it also shows the importance of the majority method, especially in very democratic countries (I’m looking at you, U.S.).
In the state of Maine, winners of elections were previously decided by plurality (where the person with the most votes wins). This year in 2018, voters of Maine decided that they wanted to use a ranked choice method of voting. This means that candidates must achieve a majority of the votes (51%) in order win. (Read more about ranked choice here).
The primaries for Maine happened back in mid June, where candidates from each party were nominated for governor. This was the first state-wide election to ever use a ranked choice ballet in the country.
Republicans of Maine, who won the last election by plurality, fear that this new method of voting hurts their chances of winning this election. In 2010, republicans only won they election by about two percent over the democratic nominee. In that election, there was a left-leaning independent who took a decent amount of votes away from democratic nominee. In a ranked choice election, there is only two candidates left for the final vote. People that voted for independent candidate originally, would more than likely swing there votes toward the democratic candidate which could of switched the election results entirely.
Looking through the internet for this blog, I found some more information on something we briefly discussed in class. Jesse Ventura won the election for governor of Minnesota in 1998 with a plurality of 37 percent. The second and third place candidates received 35 and 28 percent of the vote respectively. However, according to exit polls indicated that almost everyone that voted for the second place candidate had the third place candidate as a second choice, and almost everyone that voted for the third place candidate had the second place candidate as their second choice. This example demonstrates how plurality voting violates the Independence of Irrelevant Alternative(IIA) Criterion. Had either the second or third place candidate not been in the race, it’s likely that third or second place candidate would have won, respectively.
Yesterday I read a really interesting article in The New York Times called “Vote For Me! For Second Place, At least?” that was written in June. It was essentially about the Maine election where they planned on using a ranked-choice voting system instead of a plurality system. One thing that caught my eye, in particular, was that the instant runoff method had lead to more diverse candidates winning around the country. They had used one example of many cities in the Bay Area electing more diverse people to represent them. All of these cities had recently adopted ranked-choice voting, which was an interesting correlation. This was written in the Op-Ed section, so most of the article was opinion, but I definitely suggest taking a look at it if you’re interested! Also, what do you guys think about ranked-choice voting? Do you think it’s better than the current system used in the United States?