Back in the times of Ancient Greece and Rome, many religious architectures were created, letting the people of the times honor their gods and goddesses. One of the most famous ones is the Parthenon, of the Athena Parthenos, which was erected in the name and honor of the goddess Athena, whose power was of battle-strategy and wisdom (plus olives and owls!). While many people look at the building with the idea that it is perfectly straight and linear, the Parthenon is far from such.
This article here explains how the Parthenon was created using curves and column-swelling to create a gigantic, beautiful optical illusion, while also making the building structurally sound. How you may ask? As shown above, the design decisions were made in a way that, from a distance, everything looks just as we see it – straight and linear. If it really was what we think it is, the roof would sag in the middle. and the columns would look a bit awkward. The roof is actually a dome, while the columns swell in their middles, and both designs working together help to support the massive building, which would otherwise collapse from its own weight since it’s made of stone. This article is definitely a good read if you appreciate architecture, or even if you like to be wowed by people of history and their cleverness!